What has the strongest force of attraction solid liquid or gas?
As the temperature continues to drop, the matter forms a solid. Due to the solid’s low kinetic energy, particles have no “time” to move around, the particles have more “time” to be attracted. Therefore, solids have the strongest intramolecular forces (because they have the strongest attraction).
Which has more force of attraction solid or liquid?
Answer Expert Verified
Force of attraction is maximum in solids, their particles are tightly packed and there is very less intermolecular spaces between them just because of strong forces of attractions.
Which has the most force of attraction?
Gases have the least attraction forces, liquids have the intermediate force of attraction, and solids have the highest forces of attraction.
Which state of matter has strongest force?
Solid usually have the strongest intermolecular forces when compared to liquids and gases. In solids, the particles are closely packed and this is why they are incompressible and have high density. Q3. Among the given states of water, which one has the maximum intermolecular force of attraction between its particles?
Why gas is the weakest force of attraction?
Gas In a gas, particles are in continual straight-line motion. The kinetic energy of the molecule is greater than the attractive force between them, thus they are much farther apart and move freely of each other. In most cases, there are essentially no attractive forces between particles.
What has the weakest intermolecular forces solid liquid or gas?
The Intermolecular force is strongest in solids and weakest in gases.
What is the weakest intermolecular force of attraction?
The dispersion force is the weakest of all IMFs and the force is easily broken. However, the dispersion force can become very strong in a long molecule, even if the molecule is nonpolar.
Why do gases diffuse faster than solids and liquids?
The molecules of gas have more kinetic energy than liquid molecules and are smaller. … The distance between the constituent particles in gases becomes greater than in liquids, resulting in diffusion faster in gases than in liquids. Therefore, gas particles have higher kinetic energy and travel more rapidly.
Which of the above solid has the highest force of attraction between particles?
Answer: NaCl (solid) has particles with the highest forces of attraction.
Why intermolecular forces of attraction is maximum in solids?
The intermolecular/interatomic force of attraction is maximum in solids. Due to this, the molecules of solids are closely packed. Hence, the intermolecular forces of attraction are maximum in solids. … And so the kinetic energy of a particle is lowest for solids and is maximum for gases.
Which type of intermolecular force of attraction exist in case of solid?
In a liquid, intermolecular attractive forces hold the molecules in contact, although they still have sufficient KE to move past each other. Intermolecular attractive forces, collectively referred to as van der Waals forces, are responsible for the behavior of liquids and solids and are electrostatic in nature.
What are the forces of attraction in a solid liquid and gas?
Intermolecular forces are weaker attractions that hold molecules or noble gas particles close together when they are in a liquid or solid form. Gas particles have broken away from the intermolecular forces that hold liquids and solids together. An alternative name for intermolecular forces is the van der Waals forces.
Do liquids have strong intermolecular forces?
Liquids and solids are both held together by strong intermolecular forces and are much more dense than gases, leading to their description as “condensed matter” phases because they are both relatively incompressible.
Which state of matter has highest and lowest intermolecular forces of attraction?
Solution: The force of attraction between the molecules of matter is called the intermolecular force of attraction. It is maximum in solids, less in liquid and least in gases.