Seizure activity in an infant must be diagnosed and treated immediately because seizures can cause nerve cell injury and kill brain cells. Seizures may also adversely alter brain function in other ways like rewiring brain circuitry. The longer a seizure lasts, the more damage it does to the brain.
Are seizures fatal in babies?
Seizures can lead to drowning, falling, vehicle accidents, or other injuries that could be fatal. Although it is rare, SUDEP can also occur. Cases of SUDEP typically occur during a seizure or immediately after it.
Can seizures cause brain damage in babies?
However, prolonged and untreated seizures can cause permanent damage due to decreased oxygen flow to the brain and excessive brain cell activity. Neonatal seizures are often symptoms of a more serious underlying condition, particularly brain injury.
What happens when a baby has a seizure?
Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.
What is the life expectancy of a child with epilepsy?
Ninety-six percent of these children reached the age of 10 years, 89% the age of 20 years and 80% the age of 40 years. In the same study, 87% of children with idiopathic seizures reached 40 years of age, compared with 93% of those with cryptogenic seizures and 73% of those with remote symptomatic seizures.
How long do baby seizures last?
Simple febrile seizures are most common. They’re usually over in a few minutes, but in rare cases can last up to 15 minutes.
Are seizures curable?
Is there a cure for epilepsy? There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage. Epilepsy also raises the risk of sudden unexplained death.
Is Baby epilepsy curable?
Anyone can develop epilepsy, but it’s more common in young children and older adults. It occurs slightly more in males than in females. There’s no cure for epilepsy, but the disorder can be managed with medications and other strategies.
What are warning signs of a seizure?
General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Stiffening of the body.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.
How do you treat seizures in infants?
What to Do if Your Child Has a Seizure:
- Gently place your child on the floor or ground, and remove any nearby objects.
- Lay your child on his or her side to prevent choking on saliva (spit).
- If your child vomits, clear out the mouth gently with your finger.
- Loosen any clothing around the head or neck.
Can a child outgrow seizures?
Will my child outgrow seizures? Many children outgrow their seizures. A child is more likely to outgrow his seizures if he has a normal EEG, normal MRI, normal development, no other neurological problems, and the seizures are controlled easily with medication.
How long can a seizure last before brain damage?
A seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes, or having more than 1 seizure within a 5 minutes period, without returning to a normal level of consciousness between episodes is called status epilepticus. This is a medical emergency that may lead to permanent brain damage or death.
What is the difference between seizure and epilepsy?
A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.
Can you live a normal life with seizures?
Many people with epilepsy can conduct a normal life. However, patients who have had epilepsy for a long time or whose epilepsy is difficult to control are at higher risk for unemployment. They may also need assistance in their daily life activities.