It does not appear that anaesthetic agents have teratogenic effects in humans. However anaesthesia and surgery during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight infants and infant death.
How does general anesthesia affect the baby?
The primary cause of maternal death from general anesthesia is a difficulty with airway management. The greatest concern for the baby is the decrease in uterine blood flow and neonatal depression.
Does local anesthesia harm pregnancy?
Preventive, diagnostic and restorative dental treatment is safe throughout pregnancy. Local anesthetics with epinephrine (e.g., bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine) may be used during pregnancy.
Does general anesthesia cross the placenta?
All general anaesthetic drugs cross the placenta and there is no optimal general anaesthetic technique.
Can local anesthesia cause birth defects?
Conclusions: Our study population reported a wide range of surgical procedures during pregnancy, requiring both general and local anesthesia. Our findings suggest that periconceptional anesthesia is not strongly associated with the birth defects assessed in this study.
Can you deliver a baby under anesthesia?
Doctors use general anesthesia for childbirth when it’s a cesarean delivery. Using general anesthesia during childbirth does have higher risks, but it’s relatively safe.
What anesthesia is safe during pregnancy?
The local anesthetic is transferred to the fetus slowly, and its margin of safety is also increased. Considering how local anesthetics have small direct effects on the fetus even at submaximal doses , lidocaine may be considered relatively safe for use in pregnant women.
Is general anesthesia safe for C section?
For a planned C-section, you may have a choice of anesthetic, although you should be aware that a spinal block or epidural are generally considered the safest options for both you and your baby. In an emergency or when bleeding occurs, general anesthesia may be necessary.
Can you have surgery while being pregnant?
In most cases, surgery during pregnancy is avoided whenever possible. This is done both to minimize complications for the pregnant person and the fetus. When a decision is made to perform surgery on a pregnant person, it is typically because their life is in danger.