Infantile spasms often look like a sudden, brief stiffening of a baby’s muscles. Symptoms may include: a cluster of spasms that may be associated with waking from sleep. jackknife seizures, where the body bends forward, the knees are pulled up, and the arms are thrown out to the side.
What can be mistaken for infantile spasms?
Infantile spasms are caused by a condition in a baby’s brain and include repetitive, but often subtle movements—such as jerking of the mid-section, dropping of the head, raising of the arms or wide-eyed blinks. IS can be misdiagnosed as colic, reflux, or a startle reflex.
What age do infantile spasms start?
Most infants with infantile spasms develop a pattern of movements called spasms, sometimes also referred to as epileptic spasms. The most common age for these spasms to begin is between 3 and 6 months of age. They can begin earlier than 3 months and sometimes begin after 12 months of age.
Do babies cry when they have infantile spasms?
They may have many series of spasms per day. This type of seizure is usually only seen in young children. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.
Does infantile spasms go away?
They look very much like a startle. Babies with the condition also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). The spasms usually go away by age 4, but many children go on to have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.
What kind of seizure is infantile spasms?
An infantile spasm is a seizure with sudden stiffening of the body and brief bending forward or backward of the arms, legs and head. Each seizure lasts only a second or two and usually in a series. Seizures are most common just after waking up and rarely occur during sleep.
Do infantile spasms happen while sleeping?
Though there is almost always a cluster of spasms in the morning when the child awakens from sleep, infantile spasms can occur at any time during the day or night.
What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?
Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.
Why does it feel like my baby is twitching?
Thanks! A: It is completely normal for newborns and young infants to jerk or twitch from time to time, it happens as part of the baby’s normally developing nervous system. The episodes should only last a few seconds and may be more pronounced if the baby is startled or upset.
Why does my baby jerk around so much?
Newborns have an immature nervous system. The pathways that carry the signals from the brain to the parts of the body aren’t yet fully developed, so their movements can appear jerky and twitchy. The jerking and twitching will become less frequent after the first few weeks of life as the baby’s nervous system matures.